Rostrum

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Rostrum 

  • (noun) a raised platform on which a person stands to make a public speech, receive an award or medal, play music, or conduct an orchestra. “speaker after speaker stepped up to the rostrum”
  • (noun) a beak like projection, especially a stiff snout or anterior prolongation of the head in an insect, crustacean, or cetacean. “these beetles are very easily recognized by the rostrum or beak”

Rostrum meaning in Hindi (English to Hindi meaning)

  • जहाज का माथा, व्याख्यान-मंच, व्याख्यान चबूतरा, चबूतरा, चोंच, मंच, ऊंची जगह जहां व्याख्यान करने वाला खड़ा होता है, मंचिका

Rostrum origin

  • mid 16th century: from Latin, literally ‘beak’ (from rodere ‘gnaw’). The word was originally used (at first in the plural rostra ) to denote part of the Forum in Rome, which was decorated with the beaks of captured galleys, and was used as a platform for public speakers.

Rostrum in a sentence (word usage in recent Hindu newspaper)

  • Australian Open Badminton 2019: As Indian challenge ends in Sydney …, Writing a requiem for the state of Indian badminton has become more … instead of aiming for the winners’ rostrum, has been coming to an end …
  • Opinion: The lies that created ‘Chernobyl’, A five-episode HBO miniseries (streaming in India on Hotstar … and, as he moves away from his rostrum, an armed soldier rushes to affix a …
  • Aliva Mishra wins The Hindu-Rostrum debating competition, The teams were given to discuss topics namely ‘World does not need religion’ and ‘Does India need to spend more on education than defence’ …
  • Dragon-elephant tango, In my view, China-India relations can be divided into four phases since … of the Indian Embassy in China at the Tian’anmen Rostrum, said:
  • Modhura Palit seizes limelight in Cannes, Cannes, May 25 India found a bright silver lining on the penultimate day of the 72nd … Palit shared the rostrum with five-time Oscar-nominated …

Mnemonic trick to remember the meaning of Rostrum 

  • one who drinks rum (with roast) will need give speech and hence needs a platform 🙂
  • rostrum can be made to sound like “raised + strum or system”

Rostrum pronunciation


Vindictive

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Vindictive

  • (adj) having or showing a strong or unreasoning desire for revenge. “the criticism was both vindictive and personalized”

Vindictive meaning in Hindi (English to Hindi meaning)

  • प्रतिशोधी, प्रतिहिंसाशील, ईर्ष्यालु, तामसिक, बदला लेनेवाला, कीना रखनेवाला, दंड देनेवाला, दंड लगानेवाला, सज़ा देनेवाला

Vindictive origin

  • early 17th century: from Latin vindicta ‘vengeance’ + -ive.

Vindictive in a sentence (word usage in recent Hindu newspaper)

  • Doctors slam government action on NGO Lawyers Collective, The All India Drug Action Network (Aidan) said the case appeared an … that has resulted in this vindictive action against them,” Aidan said.
  • Uttarakhand HC issues contempt notices to Centre, AIIMS, … Guleria on a contempt petition filed by Indian Forest Service officer Sanjiv … In its order, the court had termed as “vindictive” the attitude of the …
  • All India Kisan Sabha questions Rahul’s stand on crimes against …, All India Kisan Sabha questions Rahul’s stand on crimes against … of AIKS said the organisation strongly condemned ‘the vindictive steps by …
  • Trump vs Triumf: What India can do to salvage Indo-US ties,
    Unlike India’s military focussed ties with Russia, the US-India …. They have exhibited vindictive behaviour on at least two similar occasions.
  • Anti-press tactics, Ironically, a BJP spokesperson insists that the press in India is free. … room for vindictive behaviour, or blackmail, in the garb of ‘prerogative’.

Mnemonic trick to remember the meaning of Vindictive 

  • vin(win) a person is always wanting to win , if he loses he feels to seek revenge
  • The vindictive one is likely to start vendetta(that is fight for revenge).

Vindictive pronunciation


Obfuscate

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Obfuscate 

  • (verb) make obscure, unclear, or unintelligible. “the spelling changes will deform some familiar words and obfuscate their etymological origins”
  • (verb) bewilder (someone). “the new rule is more likely to obfuscate people than enlighten them”

Obfuscate meaning in Hindi (English to Hindi meaning)

  • अस्पष्ट करना, अंधेरा करना, किसी उलझन में डालना या होना, स्तम्भित कर देना, स्तब्ध कर देना, होश हवास गुम कर देना, असंबद्ध सूचना डालकर बात को अस्पष्ट करना, समझ के परे करना, उलझाना, ढकना, घबरा देना, काला करना

Obfuscate origin

  • late Middle English: from late Latin obfuscat– ‘darkened’, from the verb obfuscare, based on Latin fuscus ‘dark’.

Obfuscate in a sentence (word usage in recent Hindu newspaper)

  • Opinion | Aaj ki Baat June 28 episode: Why Amit Shah said, Article …, For the first time, the Home Minister of India has unambiguously said in … Unlike Home Ministers in the past, who used to obfuscate on the ….
  • Information technology will give India’s pluralism a voice, Information technology will change that and India’s pluralism will be … It may be possible to deny or obfuscate the facts of inequality in India, but …
  • Diagnosed appeasement needs treatment, Right to life and security is the fundamental right of every Indian and in … of appeasement in India to blur and obfuscate fair administration and …
  • Whose narrative is JK’s delimitation, asks KCSDS, … majoritarianism of India in Kashmir to further politically disempower the … disempower and denigrate Kashmiris to obfuscate their struggle for ….
  • Vijay Mallya tries to obfuscate again: Attachment of assets worth Rs …, While laying hands on his assets indeed does partial justice to India and its taxpayers, full justice would be done only if in addition he is made …

Mnemonic trick to remember the meaning of Obfuscate 

  • obFUScate– same as conFUSe
  • Fuse bulb put you in dark now.

Obfuscate pronunciation


Commiserate

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Commiserate 

  • (verb) express or feel sympathy or pity; sympathize. “she went over to commiserate with Rose on her unfortunate circumstances”
  • (verb) feel or express pity for (someone). “she did not exult in her rival’s fall, but, on the contrary, commiserated her”

Commiserate meaning in Hindi (English to Hindi meaning)

  • किसी पर दया करना, समवेदना प्रकट करना, सहानुभूति रखना या प्रकट करना, सहानुभूति प्रकट करना

Commiserate origin

  • late 16th century: from Latin commiserat ‘commiserated’, from the verb commiserari, from com- ‘with’ + miserari ‘to lament’ (from miser ‘wretched’).

Commiserate in a sentence (word usage in recent Hindu newspaper)

  • X-Men comic writers commiserate over ‘unconnected gibberish’ of …., The movie franchise has always been hit and miss, but X-Men fans know that’s also been the case at times in the comics themselves — just ask …
  • As globalism crumbles, Harvard and Angela Merkel commiserate, Harvard University invited the woman responsible for the European refugee crisis, who fights to this day for the failed globalist policies favored …
  • Chinese vendors, Mexican clients commiserate on Trump tariffs at …, Mexico City (AFP) – Huang Chao came to Mexico looking for business, not friends, but the Chinese sales manager says he found unexpected …
  • ‘I thought I had enough bat on it’: Brathwaite’s heartbreak, WATCH on Hotstar (India only) – Brathwaite breathes fire with 101 … in going to congratulate and commiserate with Brathwaite moments after …
  • Trump attack India, China and Russia on climate change, US President Donald Trump attacked India, China and Russia on … Christian Ntsay were later seen commiserating with mourners at the …

Mnemonic trick to remember the meaning of Commiserate 

  • co+miserate …share one’s misery by being with them or identifying their misery vicariously
  • Its a great misery! We should all commiserate!

Commiserate pronunciation


Camaraderie

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Camaraderie

  • (noun) mutual trust and friendship among people who spend a lot of time together. “the enforced camaraderie of office life”

Camaraderie meaning in Hindi (English to Hindi meaning)

  • सौहार्द, सखापन, सख्य, समिति, साझा

Camaraderie origin

  • mid 19th century: from French, from camarade ‘comrade’.

Camaraderie in a sentence (word usage in recent Hindu newspaper)

  • Cadbury Perk ad highlights camaraderie between Ananya Panday …, New Delhi: Mondelez India chocolate brand Cadbury Perk, which once made Preity Zinta famous, has taken on teen star Ananya Panday as its …
  • Kamala Harris called Biden’s past camaraderie with pro-segregation …, Harris, who is African-American and Indian-America, said to Biden, “I do not believe you are a racist and I agree with you when you commit …
  • This entrepreneur scales peaks with staff to build camaraderie in …, My reply was ‘proudly Indian’,” says Murty, now 48. “Looks like the bond with the country was pretty unshakable then, even though it was never …
  • World Cup 2019: Nasser Hussain impressed with camaraderie of players and supporters from India and Pakistan .
  • Young IAS officers hail 5 years of Modi govt’s assistant secretary …, officers to establish a camaraderie with the senior-most officers from … So even now, while implementing government of India schemes, we …

Mnemonic trick to remember the meaning of Camaraderie 

  • camaraderie = you use camera and take pictures of people you have friendship and mutual trust
  • camera de rahi hai ..which is a mark of good fellowship!

Camaraderie pronunciation